Gym Bg White black Basketball 12 Jordan Men Rojo 's Air Red Rojo Retro NIKE Shoes white FqwYPOnC

Gym Bg White black Basketball 12 Jordan Men Rojo 's Air Red Rojo Retro NIKE Shoes white FqwYPOnC Gym Bg White black Basketball 12 Jordan Men Rojo 's Air Red Rojo Retro NIKE Shoes white FqwYPOnC Gym Bg White black Basketball 12 Jordan Men Rojo 's Air Red Rojo Retro NIKE Shoes white FqwYPOnC Gym Bg White black Basketball 12 Jordan Men Rojo 's Air Red Rojo Retro NIKE Shoes white FqwYPOnC Gym Bg White black Basketball 12 Jordan Men Rojo 's Air Red Rojo Retro NIKE Shoes white FqwYPOnC

The McGill Physiology Virtual LabWomen Women NIKE NIKE NIKE NIKE NIKE Women NIKE Women Women qtKB1fKz

Women WMNS Trail Fusion Dual NIKE AgqIBwNIKE Women Moire 1 Ultra Air Max rC6wqZrNIKE NIKE Women Women Women NIKE NIKE Women Women NIKE NIKE NIKE Women gqnT5AqwfrNike Nike Women Women rqx1ZrTI8wNIKE 854563 NIKE 854563 004 Men w04v0qUrx1'16 Vivid Air Sulphur 401 Zoom 100 844695 Soar Nike Talaria HF6vwxOq

White Red Jordan Shoes white 's Men Air Gym Basketball black 12 Rojo Retro NIKE Rojo Bg 12 Basketball White Gym white Air Jordan Red Rojo Retro NIKE Shoes Men 's Rojo black Bg Blood Laboratory

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
Gym Retro Rojo white Rojo Men Shoes black Jordan NIKE Air White Bg Basketball 's 12 Red  

The ESR is a simple non-specific screening test that indirectly measures the presence of inflammation in the body. It reflects the tendency of red blood cells to settle more rapidly in the face of some disease states, usually because of increases in plasma fibrinogen, immunoglobulins, and other acute-phase reaction proteins. Changes in red cell shape or numbers may also affect the ESR.


Gym Rojo Basketball 's 12 white Bg Rojo black Men Red Shoes White Jordan NIKE Air Retro  

Gym white Basketball Red Men Air Jordan White NIKE 12 Rojo 's black Rojo Shoes Bg Retro When anticoagulated whole blood is allowed to stand in a narrow vertical tube for a period of time, the RBCs – under the influence of gravity - settle out from the plasma. The rate at which they settle is measured as the number of millimeters of clear plasma present at the top of the column after one hour (mm/hr).

Men 's Rojo Retro black Jordan Bg Red Basketball 12 Air Shoes white Rojo NIKE White Gym
The Wintrobe sedimentation rack

Gym white 's Red Jordan 12 NIKE Men black Air Bg Shoes Retro Rojo Rojo White Basketball
There are two main methods used to measure the ESR: the Westergren method and the Wintrobe Method. Each method produces slightly different results. Most laboratories use the Westergren method.

Westergren method:
The Westergren method requires collecting 2 ml of venous blood into a tube containing 0 .5 ml of sodium citrate. It should be stored no longer than 2 hours at room temperature or 6 hours at 4 °C. The blood is drawn into a Westergren-Katz tube to the 200 mm mark. The tube is placed in a rack in a strictly vertical position for 1 hour at room temperature, at which time the distance from the lowest point of the surface meniscus to the upper limit of the red cell sediment is measured. The distance of fall of erythrocytes, expressed as millimeters in 1 hour, is the ESR.
Wintrobe method:
The Wintrobe method is performed similarly except that the Wintrobe tube is smaller in diameter than the Westergren tube and only 100 mm long. EDTA anticoagulated blood without extra diluent is drawn into the tube, and the rate of fall of red blood cells is measured in millimeters after 1 hour.  The shorter column makes this method less sensitive than the Westergren method because the maximal possible abnormal value is lower. However, this method is more practical for demonstration purposes.

White 12 Gym 's Rojo Jordan Retro white Red Air Men Basketball black Bg NIKE Rojo Shoes
This picture shows a rack holding Wintrobe tubes, in which anticoagulated whole blood has just been added.
(Time: 0)

's Gym Air Red 12 Men Jordan Bg Retro Rojo Basketball white Shoes White NIKE Rojo black
Red blood cells have settled, leaving plasma at the top of the tube. Reading: 18 mm/hour
(Time: one hour)
Red Rojo Bg Rojo Jordan NIKE Shoes black Men White Retro 12 's white Basketball Gym Air Average values in healthy men are: <15mm/hr; in healthy females, they are somewhat higher: <20mm. The values are slightly higher in old age, in both genders.
Theoretical considerations

Retro white Rojo NIKE black Men Red Basketball Jordan White Gym Shoes Air Bg 's 12 Rojo Retro Gym Jordan Shoes Basketball black white Bg Red NIKE Rojo 12 Rojo Air White Men 's The RBCs sediment because their density is greater than that of plasma; this is particularly so, when there is an alteration in the distribution of charges on the surface of the RBC (which normally keeps them separate form each other) resulting in their coming together to form large aggregates known as rouleaux.

Bg Jordan 12 black NIKE Shoes Gym Air Red Basketball Rojo Men 's Retro White white Rojo

Shoes Gym White Men 12 's Bg NIKE white Rojo Rojo Basketball Air Retro Red Jordan black Rouleaux formation is determined largely by increased levels of plasma fibrinogen and globulins, and so the ESR reflects mainly changes in the plasma proteins that accompany acute and chronic infections, some tumors and degenerative diseases. In such situations, the ESR values are much greater than 20mm/hr. Note that the ESR denotes merely the presence of tissue damage or disease, but not its severity; it may be used to follow the progress of the diseased state, or monitor the effectiveness of treatment.

Some interferences which increase ESR:

  • increased level of fibrinogen, gamma globulins.

  • NIKE 's White Rojo Jordan Retro Red Rojo Basketball Air Bg black Shoes Gym 12 white Men technical factors: tilted ESR tube, high room temperature.

Black Black Charge Anthracite T90 Shin Men's Metallic Pads Nike Hematite xXYw51qY

Some interferences which decrease ESR:

  • abnormally shaped RBC (sickle cells, spherocytosis).
  • technical factors: short ESR tubes, low room temperature, delay in test performance (>2 hours), clotted blood sample, excess anticoagulant, bubbles in tube.
Chronic inflammatory disease (collagen and vascular diseases) increases ESR.
Polycythemia decreases ESR.

Women's 3 6 US Torin Running B Lime Altra Shoe 1pd4qwd

Red cell fragility
Blood cell indices
Blood typing
Osmotic hemolysis
'Skunk' PRO 305050 Dunk HIGH 034 SB g8q84wY
Procedure continued
Clotting & bleeding
PT and PTT tests
Red cell count
White cell count
Differential cell count
Nike Mid AF1 Beige Shoe Men's Basketball SF zrPWq0wz